There are hundreds of horse breeds in the world, with more coming our way because of cross-breeding. Because they come in different colours, sizes, shapes, and body structures, there are only a couple of specific breeds which can be used for horse racing. They are superior to other breeds when it comes to muscularity and speed thanks to years of high-quality training and food.
This breed hails from the Arabian Peninsula and is one of the most popular breeds in the world, regardless of its ability to run extremely fast. Compared to other breeds, it has a differently shaped head and a very high tail carriage.
Not only are they quick as lightning, but they are also known for their enviable endurance, which is why you’ll see them in multiple disciplines, such as dressage, saddle seat, and western.
This is an American breed and is undoubtedly the most popular one in the United States. The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) is not only largest in the country but also in the entire world.
Quarter, unlike the Arabian breed, does not have a lot of stamina, but is one of the fastest horses when it comes to short distances. That’s why they are used for various western events, including roping, cutting, and barrel racing.
The Thoroughbred breed was developed in England in the 18th, or possibly 17th century. You won’t see many of them on farms, as they are mostly used in horse racing due to their high spirit and heart.
Owners mostly use them as jumpers and hunters and sometimes as dressage horses for mounts, fox hunting, and polo.
Although they were developed in the Southern United States in the 18th century to be used on plantations and farms, nowadays, Tennessee Walker horses can often be seen on horse racing tracks.
If you need a horse for long distance running or smooth riding, Tennessee Walker is the right choice due to its gaits, like the popular running walk in four beats. Although they might not be the fastest horses, they are still used by a couple of famous racers who compete in longer races.
All of the four breeds we have already mentioned have unique skills and both strong and weak points, which is why we saved the Morgan breed for last – it is one of the most versatile breeds out there. It is brave, compact, fast, great-looking, and agreeable. That’s all you need in a horse, especially if you plan on using it for many racing and showing disciplines.
It won’t perform as good as some other breeds in sprints, but it is the best one to go for if you are competing in the saddle and Western seat disciplines.